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College, career, and workforce readiness begins with a solid academic foundation. Therefore, it is vitally important for students to learn how to read, write, compute, and learn other basic skills while in school. Additionally, students must have a plan for success in order to transition successfully from school to work or to college or both. Below is a glossary of career terms with links to the documents to help students prepare to transition.


 Glossary of Terms


Capstone Experience

(Sample Capstone Guide) 

Career Paths

(Career Paths & Clusters)

Missouri Comprehensive
Guidance Program

Individual Planning Component


A culminating experience in which students are expected to integrate special studies with the major and extend, critique, and apply knowledge gained in their major.

A broad categorization of curricula and educational activities targeted at a student’s academic and career goals. Missouri has identified six Career Paths as a way of helping students become aware of and explore careers in a logical and meaningful way. As students become more vocationally mature, they have the opportunity to drill down into the Career Paths by exploring one or more of the 16 Career Clusters that are incorporated into the Career Paths.

The Missouri Comprehensive Guidance Program is designed to serve all students in grades K-12 and help insure equal opportunity for all students to participate fully in the educational process integrating academics, career, and personal/social development.


Career Clusters

(Career Paths & Clusters) 

Career Pathway

(Natl Careers & Pathways)


(Portfolio Template)


An organizing framework that groups occupations and careers based on common knowledge and skills. The framework assists educators in tailoring coursework and work experience around specific occupational groups that offer students core academics as well as activities that match their skills and interests. Career Clusters provide depth to Missouri’s six Career Paths. Missouri has adopted the U.S. Department of Education’s 16 Career Clusters (

 Listing of occupations that share advanced technical skills and/or common roles within a Career Cluster. Career pathways are an area of study within the 16 Career Clusters. The U.S Department of Education has identified 81 career pathways.

A collection of student work indicating progress made in one or more subjects, activities, and/or programs. The portfolio, or e-portfolio, is generally used as an assessment tool in order to make decisions about courses to be taken, to assign grades, or to recommend students for specialized programs or activities. 


Personal Plan of Study (Plan of Study for all Clusters), Career and Education Planning Guide Book


 A student’s scope and sequence of coursework and co-curricular experiences based upon chosen educational and career goals. Personal plans of study are arranged according to secondary graduation requirements and postsecondary admissions requirements. The foundation of the personal plan of study is the school’s implementation of a program of study. To ensure students make a successful transition to high school and a positive postsecondary experience, it is important for them to develop a rigorous and relevant personal plan of study based on their interests and abilities. The personal plan of study includes a map of coursework, graduation requirements, and relevant work-based learning experiences. The plan reflects student movement toward a chosen career revolving around career pathways and/or clusters. A plan of study is developed cooperatively between counselors, educators, students, and parents. It should be reviewed annually and adjusted as necessary to reflect any changes in a student’s career plan.


 Program of Study (POS Checklist & POS Template for Schools)


 A program adopted and offered by local educational agencies and postsecondary institutions as an option to students (and their parents as appropriate) when planning for and completing future coursework. A program of study incorporates secondary and postsecondary education elements, including coherent, rigorous, and relevant content aligned with challenging academic standards in a coordinated, non-duplicative progression of courses that align secondary education with postsecondary education to adequately prepare students to succeed in postsecondary education. A program of study may include the opportunity for secondary education students to participate in dual or concurrent enrollment programs or other ways to acquire post-secondary education credits; and lead to an industry-recognized credential or certificate at the postsecondary level or an associate or baccalaureate degree.


Jennings School District | 2559 Dorwood Drive Jennings MO, 63136 | (314) 653-8000